What causes anxiety and how fix anxiety

When a person is under a lot of stress, anxiety starts to develop. It is often the fear of what is about to happen. To a certain extent, almost everyone gets these feelings occasionally.

You might find yourself feeling a little scared or apprehensive before going on stage for a performance. Or get a little stressed out about a job interview. These feelings are natural and hence, you might have felt these types of fears, anxiety or stress, at various points of time.

However, if your feelings of anxiety are extreme and stop you from doing important things, then it could create various problems in your life. If you have been feeling overwhelming anxiety about something and it just can’t seem to go away, then you might have an anxiety disorder.

What are the causes of Anxiety

But, do not fret. One silver lining you have is that anxiety can be managed quite well through online anxiety counselling. Online therapists are trained to help people with extreme anxiety. So, chat with an online psychotherapist whenever you feel like you’re drowning in your anxiety issues.

Let us delve deep into the topic for further understanding.

What are the causes of anxiety?

Studies are still being carried out to know the causes of anxiety. Till now, it has been observed that various elements combine together to cause severe anxiety in people.

A person’s brain chemistry, genetics, environmental factors as well as physical and mental health conditions determine the level of anxiety that the person may experience.

A lot more research is needed to find out what actually makes a person experience debilitating anxiety. In general, a person may suffer from anxiety for many different reasons.

The following are the common causes of anxiety –

  1. Panic disorders. Certain panic disorders can cause severe anxiety in a person.
  2. Stress disorders. Many stress disorders have been known to be the cause of anxiety.
  3. Phobic disorders. Phobic disorders are another great cause of anxiety.
  4. Stress at school or college. Students often experience anxiety before exams. Many students get anxiety even on a regular day at school.
  5. Stress at work. Different stress factors at work often create anxiety issues in people.
  6. Financial stress. Financial stress is another big driving force behind anxiety problems.
  7. Relationship stress. The issues a person may have in a relationship can lead to anxiety as well.
  8. Stress from political issues. Many people get affected by the political climate of a country. This can cause anxiety as well.
  9. Stress from unpredictable events. Sudden events that occur without any warning, such as a global pandemic, can trigger anxiety issues in some people.
  10. Stress from terminal illness. A terminally ill person goes through a lot of stress. Soon enough, it leads to various anxiety problems.
  11. Stress from chronic illness. Anyone with a chronic illness suffers constantly without any break. It is only natural for such a person to get stressed. It eventually causes anxiety.
  12. Side effects of medication. Different medicines affect people differently. Hence, its side effects vary as well. Some medicines can cure a disease but at the same time, cause anxiety problems.
  13. Side effects of drug abuse. Another major cause of anxiety is drug abuse. Drug abuse changes the brain chemistry of a person. Hence, it leads to anxiety issues.
  14. When there’s a lack of oxygen. When there is a lack of oxygen in the body, it can cause anxiety. Temporary lack of oxygen occurs while climbing at high altitudes or while diving without proper equipment.
  15. Stress caused by trauma. Kids who go through abuse or some sort of trauma end up having anxiety disorders at some point of time in life. Many adults who face trauma also develop anxiety issues soon after.
  16. Personality. Each person is different with varied personalities. People with certain types of personalities tend to be more prone to anxiety than others.
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If you feel like you have an anxiety disorder, it is best to seek online therapy for anxiety issues.

What are the different types of anxiety issues?

There are many different types of anxiety issues that are experienced by people around the world. But basically, there are five major anxiety problems. Those types of anxiety disorders include –

Different types of anxiety issues
  1. Panic Disorder – Panic Disorder is the type of anxiety disorder where a sufferer experiences repeated episodes of intense fear.

    These episodes are usually accompanied by a number of physical symptoms such as heart palpitations, chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, dizziness and abdominal distress.

    A person with Panic Disorder may go through one or all of the above mentioned physical symptoms.
  2. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) – Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is the kind of anxiety disorder in which the sufferer keeps getting the same unwanted thoughts in their mind.

    These thoughts are often negative and hence, create a lot of stress on the person with OCD.

    Another huge sign that a person has OCD is a person’s repetitive behaviours and obsessions. Constant hand washing; checking if locks, doors or windows etc. are closed (or open) or not; counting everything; counting one specific thing all the time; cleaning everything obsessively; these are all signs of OCD.

    These tasks are usually carried out by a person with OCD with the hope that performing these tasks would make the unwanted repetitive thoughts go away.

    With proper online OCD counselling, the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder can be managed to a certain extent.
  3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) – Like the name suggests, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is the type of anxiety disorder that is developed after a person goes through a terrifying incident.

    In fact, it is quite common for people who have suffered from great physical or emotional harm to end up getting PTSD.

    Horrible negative experiences that can give people PTSD include accidents, being in wars or battles, natural or human-caused disasters, and violent personal assaults etc.

    Online therapy for PTSD has helped many people in dealing with all the PTSD related issues.
  4. Social Anxiety Disorder – When a person feels overwhelming anxiety in social situations, chances are that that person suffers from Social Anxiety Disorder.

    A person who has Social Anxiety Disorder frequently finds oneself excessively self conscious even in simple social situations that are a part of everyday-life.

    Like all other mental health issues, Social Anxiety Disorder has different forms with different symptoms as well.

    In one type of Social Anxiety Disorder, the sufferer might have a fear of speaking in formal or informal situations. They might also be apprehensive about eating or drinking in front of others.

    In a more severe form of Social Anxiety Disorder, the person with this mental health condition can experience the symptoms everytime that they are around other people.

    Social Anxiety Disorder is also known as Social Phobia. Online therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder can help relieve the symptoms to a great extent.
  5. Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – Generalised Anxiety Disorder is the type of anxiety disorder where a person experiences excessive anxiety constantly without having any actual reason to worry.
    They can get anxious about certain events. They can also be anxious about mundane daily routine activities.

    When a person with GAD worries about something, it is hard for them to control their worry. Hence, they end up staying constantly anxious.

    And characteristically, their worry is out of proportion to the actual event or activity that they are worried about.

    Online counselling can help a person cope with Generalised Anxiety Disorder.
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In addition to these, there are a few more types of anxiety. Some of those anxiety types include –

Separation anxiety disorder in child
  1. Separation Anxiety Disorder – Separation Anxiety Disorder is thought to be a disorder that occurs mostly in children.

    If a child becomes extremely anxious when separated from parents or a parental figure, then that child may have Separation Anxiety Disorder.

    In addition to being anxious, a child may have the fear of being lost from their family. They may also be scared of something bad happening to a family member if he or she is not with that person. Children with severe separation anxiety may even refuse to go to school or other places where they might have to be away from their family for a while.

    Luckily, with appropriate online counselling for separation anxiety, the symptoms of separation anxiety can be treated.
  2. Selective Mutism – Selective Mutism is something that usually begins in childhood. And if it is left untreated, it can keep occurring during adulthood as well.

    Selective Mutism is a type of severe anxiety disorder where the sufferer is unable to speak in various social situations.

    A child with Selective Mutism finds it hard to speak to his or her classmates or relatives.
  3. Substance Induced Anxiety Disorder – As the name indicates, Substance Induced Anxiety Disorder stems from misuse of drugs, taking medications, withdrawal from drugs and being exposed to a toxic substance.

    When a person develops Substance Induced Anxiety Disorder, they display symptoms such as restlessness, nervousness and panic.

    In the last few years, online counseling has been very useful for people suffering from Substance Induced Anxiety Disorder.
  4. Agoraphobia – Agoraphobia is the anxiety disorder where a person fears that certain places or situations might cause panic attacks. Or might make that person feel embarrassed, helpless and trapped.

    As a result, the person ends up avoiding any such situations or places where he or she might end up having panic attacks.

    They also avoid the kind of places where they might feel helpless, embarrassed or trapped.

    It has been seen in patients with Agoraphobia that this mental health issue often develops after the person has already suffered from one or more panic attacks.
  5. Anxiety caused by a medical condition – Anxiety is not always caused due to mental health problems. Sometimes, anxiety can be a symptom of other physical health conditions.

    People with medical conditions like Parathyroid Disease, Cushing’s Syndrome, Pituitary Disorders, Pheochromocytoma, Pancreatic Tumours and Diabetes Mellitus eventually get anxiety disorders as well.

    The good news is, a qualified online psychologist can help such people manage the symptoms of anxiety quite efficiently.

    So, if you feel like you have any anxiety issues, you can chat with an online psychologist.
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How to solve anxiety issues?

Many people may have been living with anxiety without knowing that it can be managed pretty well. There are various ways that help in keeping your anxiety in check.

Basically, there are two different kinds of treatments for anxiety. One is medication. The other is psychotherapy.

When you consult an online therapist for anxiety, you are taught tools and coping strategies that you can use to handle your anxiety problems.

How to solve anxiety issues

Medications that are used to treat anxiety are often sedatives and antidepressants. These medications are used in cases of extreme anxiety.

In some instances, a few lifestyle changes are helpful in relieving the stress that causes anxiety in people. Thus, relieving the symptoms of anxiety as well.

Many people with anxiety have found that exercising, meditating, getting enough sleep, and eating healthy have helped in decreasing the anxiety.

While others have noticed that avoiding caffeine, alcohol and cigarettes helped in keeping anxiety at bay.
The solution for anxiety would differ depending on the person and the symptoms of anxiety that a person is having.

Hence, it is best to chat with an online therapist to find out the best course of treatment for your anxiety issues.

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By OnlineCounselling4U Team

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